Aristotle Quotes

Rhetoric is useful because truth and justice are in their nature stronger than their opposites; so that if decisions be made, not in conformity to the rule of propriety, it must have been that they have been got the better of through fault of the advocates themselves: and this is deserving reprehension.


Rhetoric may be defined as the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion.


Rhetoric is useful because the true and the just are naturally superior to their opposites, so that, if decisions are improperly made, they must owe their defeat to their own advocates; which is reprehensible. Further, in dealing with certain persons, even if we possessed the most accurate scientific knowledge, we should not find it


Music directly imitates the passions or states of the soul…when one listens to music that imitates a certain passion, he becomes imbued with the same passion; and if over a long time he habitually listens to music that rouses ignoble passions, his whole character will be shaped to an ignoble form.


Love is composed of a single soul inhabiting two bodies.


Happiness is a quality of the soul…not a function of one’s material circumstances.


No excellent soul is exempt from a mixture of madness.


Music directly represents the passions of the soul. If one listens to the wrong kind of music, he will become the wrong kind of person.


The soul never thinks without a picture.


Happiness is an expression of the soul in considered actions.


Accordingly, the poet should prefer probable impossibilities to improbable possibilities.


For the essence of a riddle is to express true facts under impossible combinations.


A likely impossibility is always preferable to an unconvincing possibility. The story should never be made up of improbable incidents; there should be nothing of the sort in it.


The greater the length, the more beautiful will the piece be by reason of its size, provided that the whole be perspicuous.


They – Young People have exalted notions, because they have not been humbled by life or learned its necessary limitations; moreover, their hopeful disposition makes them think themselves equal to great things – and that means having exalted notions. They would always rather do noble deeds than useful ones: Their lives are regulated more by moral feeling than by reasoning – all their mistakes are in the direction of doing things excessively and vehemently. They overdo everything – they love too much, hate too much, and the same with everything else.


Youth is easily deceived because it is quick to hope.


Fate of empires depends on the education of youth


Youth loves honor and victory more than money.


Good habits formed at youth make all the difference.


Education is an ornament in prosperity and a refuge in adversity.


Just as at the Olympic games it is not the handsomest or strongest men who are crowned with victory but the successful competitors, so in life it is those who act rightly who carry off all the prizes and rewards.


The greatest virtues are those which are most useful to other persons.


We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit.


The real difference between democracy and oligarchy is poverty and wealth. Wherever men rule by reason of their wealth, whether they be few or many, that is an oligarchy, and where the poor rule, that is a democracy.


Democracy is when the indigent, and not the men of property, are the rulers.


In a democracy the poor will have more power than the rich, because there are more of them, and the will of the majority is supreme.


Republics decline into democracies and democracies degenerate into despotisms.


A democracy exists whenever those who are free and are not well-off, being in the majority, are in sovereign control of government, an oligarchy when control lies with the rich and better-born, these being few.

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