Great Benjamin Graham Quotes

In the financial markets, hindsight is forever 20/20, but foresight is legally blind. And thus, for most investors, market timing is a practical and emotional impossibility.


Speculators often prosper through ignorance; it is a cliché that in a roaring bull market knowledge is superfluous and experience is a handicap. But the typical experience of the speculator is one of temporary profit and ultimate loss


If you are shopping for common stocks, choose them the way you would buy groceries, not the way you would buy perfume.


we have complaints that institutional dominance of the stock market has put ‘the small investor at a disadvantage because he can’t compete with the trust companies’ huge resources, etc. The facts are quite the opposite. It may be that the institutions are better equipped than the individual to speculate in the market. But I am convinced that an individual investor with sound principles, and soundly advised, can do distinctly better over the long pull than large institutions.


Do not let anyone else run your business


“An investment operation is one which, upon thorough analysis, promises safety of principal and an adequate return. Operations not meeting these requirements are speculative.”


“While enthusiasm may be necessary for great accomplishments elsewhere, on Wall Street it almost invariably leads to disaster”


“The individual investor should act consistently as an investor and not as a speculator. This means. That he should be able to justify every purchase he makes and each price he pays by impersonal, objective reasoning that satisfies him that he is getting more than his money’s worth for his purchase.”


“To achieve satisfactory investment results is easier than most people realize; to achieve superior results is harder than it looks.”


“While a trend shown in the past is a fact, a “future trend” is only an assumption.”


“In other words, the market is not a weighing machine, on which the value of each issue is recorded by an exact and impersonal mechanism, in accordance with its specific qualities. Rather should we say that the market is a voting machine, whereon countless individuals register choices which are the product partly of reason and partly of emotion.”


“Abnormally good or abnormally bad conditions do not last forever.”


“The Interborough issues are an example of a rather special group of situations in which analysis may reach more definite conclusions respecting intrinsic value than in the ordinary case. These situations may involve a liquidation or give rise to technical operations known as “arbitrage” or “hedging.”


“… Bond selection is primarily a negative art. It is a process of exclusion and rejection, rather than of search and acceptance.”


“One example of a high-tech company that submits to a Graham type of analysis is Amazon.com. Though it does business exclusively on the Web, Amazon is essentially a retailer, and it may be evaluated in the same way as Wal-Mart, Sears, and so forth. The question, as always, is, does the business provide an adequate margin of safety at a given market price. For much of Amazon’s short life, the stock was wildly overpriced. But when the dot-com bubble burst, its securities collapsed. Buffett himself bought Amazon’s deeply discounted bonds after the crash, when there was much fearful talk that Amazon was headed for bankruptcy. The bonds subsequently rose to par, and Buffett made a killing.”